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Technology Leadership and Women in Silicon Valley

The southern part of the San Francisco Bay Area, located in California is commonly known as “The Silicon Valley” that is home to most of the world’s largest high-tech corporations and thousands of startup companies. The Valley serves as a leading hub and startup ecosystem for high-tech innovation and development.

There are high-tech businesses flourishing in the area, which is now generally used as a synecdoche for the American high-technology economic sector. The word “silicon” in the name “Silicon Valley” originally referred to a large number of silicon chip innovators and manufacturers in the region. While the word “Valley” refers to the Santa Clara Valley where the region has traditionally been centered, which includes the city of San Jose and the surrounding cities and towns.

silicon valley
Silicon Valley – USA

Silicon Valley today, has thousands of high-tech companies headquartered in its region, some of the Fortune 1000 include; eBay, Facebook, Cisco Systems, Apple Inc., Google, Intel, HP Inc., Netflix, Yahoo!, Telsa Motors, LSI Logic and many others. Despite their hard and commendable efforts in the success of the Silicon Valley, we can still observe that at the top of the industry and government, the faces remain stubbornly male and so is the case with the high-tech world as we see personalities like Mark Zuckerburg (born May 14, 1984, is the founder of today’s most popular social networking site Facebook), Bill Gates(born 28 October 1955 is the founder of the Microsoft software), Steve Jobs(born 24 February 1955 is the founder of the world famous Apple Incorporation) and many others as the defining faces of the Silicon Valley because of the sexism present in the society, and women even in a modern industrial society of today have a shamefully negligible recognition for the efforts that they have made.

No doubt that women are better off today, but still far from being  equal with men because of a lack of recognition and appreciation. The list below gives a short history of such “Founding Mothers Of The Silicon Valley”.

JUDY ESTRIN

 

judi estrin silicon valley - TimelyBuzz
Judi Estrin – Silicon Valley

Judy Estrin was born in the year 1954 is an American business executive. Estrin is recognized for her contribution to the networking protocols that form the basic frame of the internet. She was born to a family of high-techs with both her parents, Thelma and Gerald Estrin being Computer Scientists at UCLA. She has a sister Deborah Estrin who is also a professor of Computer Science. Her son David Carrico is a tech entrepreneur is the founder of EvntLive.

Judy studied math and computer science at the University of California, Los Angeles and later in her life got a masters degree in mechanical engineering at Stanford. While at Stanford Judy worked with a research group led by Vint Craft also known as the “Father of the Internet”. The group developed the TCP/IP specification which forms the underlying technology of the internet. She is now the CEO of JLabs, a private company focused on further innovation in business, government, and non-profit organizations.

She’s been awarded amongst the 50 most powerful women in American business in the year 1998 and was also awarded a the EY entrepreneur of the year in the northern California region in the year 1987.  In 2002 she won the “Women in Technology International Hall of Fame award and in the year 2010 she was awarded GIL Award from Frost and Sullivan. It is also rather ironic that she is not given much recognition for laying down the very foundation (the internet) as compared to others who developed Google, Facebook etc which are all based upon it when even for the fact that the idea of having a search engine to search without the internet seems ludicrous.

DONNA DUBINSKY

 

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Donna Dubinsky

Donna Dubinsky is an American businesswoman who played a crucial role in the development of the Personal Digital Assistants or the PDAs serving as the CEO of Palm Inc. and co-founding Handspring with Jeff Hawkins in the year 1995. She was the daughter of Alfred Dubinsky who worked as a scrap metal broker. She attended the Yale university and got her bachelor’s from Jonathan Edwards College with history as her major in the year 1977. She got her MBA from the Harvard Business School in the year 1981. She is the current acting CEO and board chair of Numenta. In the year 2007, she was also awarded the “Alumni Achievement Award” at Harvard Business School. Donna was also the founding member of the Palm Pilot which was a handheld computer manufactured by Palm Inc. In the year 2005, she along with her technical partner got to work at Numenta.

 

DIANA GREENE

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Diana Greene

Diana Greene is yet another wonderful woman who is counted on the list of the “Founding Mothers of the Silicon Valley” born in the year 1955 in Rochester, New York. She is serving as the current senior vice president for Google’s cloud business. She is an American investor and has also served as the founder and CEO of VMware, the company that marked the advent of virtualization industry from 1998 till 2008.

Diana received her  bachelor’s degree in the field of mechanical engineering from the University of Vermont  in 1976 and her masters in Naval Architecture from MIT in the year 1978. She also has a second masters degree in the field of Computer Science from the University of California in the year 1988. Last year in the month of November  Google paid her an amount of $380 million for the company and gave her one of most influential jobs in tech: as the senior vice president of Google’s enterprise business, she is in charge of figuring out how to grow the company’s cloud computing business to a size that the company posts could eclipse the ad business within five years. She has also worked on enterprise startup software called Bebop.

LYNN CONWAY

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Lynn Conway

Lynn Conway was born on 2 January 1938 and is recognized for her numerous achievements including the Mead and Conway Revolution in VLSI design which induced an emerging electronic design automation industry. She is an American computer scientist, electrical engineer, inventor and transgender activist. Conway was brought up in White Plains, New York and suffered from gender dysphoria as a child. She earned her B.S and M.S.E.E degrees in the year 1962 and 1973 from Columbia University’s School of Engineering and Applied Science. She was inducted by IBM Research in Yorktown Heights, New York in the year 1964. And soon joined an architecture team that designed an advanced supercomputer, working along with other renowned personalities which include  John Cocke, Ed Sussenguth, Fran Allen and much more on the ACS project inventing multiple-issue-out-of-order dynamic scheduling while working there. She was however fired in 1968 because she revealed her intention of gender transition to a female. She has won numerous awards for her achievements throughout her life. Some of the include; the 2002 Electronic Design Hall of Fame, National Achievement Award: Society of Women Engineers 1990, Magil Lecture in Science, Technology and the Arts, Columbia University 2016.

SANDY LERNER

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Sandy Lerner

Sandy Lerner was born in the year 1995 and is an American businesswoman and philanthropist. She is also the co-founder and the CEO of the Cisco Systems. She used the profit from selling this company and invested it into animal welfare and women’s writings. Her most renowned work includes the historically accurate sequel to “Pride and Prejudice”. She also founded a cosmetics company which she late sold to Moet-Hennessy Louis Vuitton. She later moved to an organic farm in Virginia.

SANDY KURTZIG

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Sandy Kurtzig

Sandy Kurtzig is an American business woman and  Silicon Valley’s first  female technology entrepreneur. Kurtzig received her bachelor’s in math from the University of California, Los Angeles, and her masters in the field of aeronautical engineering at the Stanford University.Acting as the founder and the CEO of the ASK Group (a business and software manufacturing software producer) as a part time job in the year 1972, she was the first woman to take a Silicon Valley technology to the public and was the first software entrepreneur to become a multimillionaire. She also founded Kenandy, the enterprise management software company in the year 2010 where she served as the CEO up to 2015 and is now the chairman of the board.

There are many more marvelous women who have put in their efforts, Ann Bowers who was the Apple’s human resource director and den mother in the early 1980s,Ann Winblad, co-founder of the venture firm Hummer Winblad in 1989, Adele Goldberg, the PARC computer scientist, Roberta Williams who designed the video games and many more whose stories have not yet been unfolded here. Although women have made great strides in gaining access to education and employment, to this day they continue to face significant hurdles that men generally do not confront too. To envision a future having an extensive multitude of people contributing their efforts for the success and evolution of the high technology world, we must not succumb to the ease of shortening the stories of its past.

 

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Entertainment From The Editors

Usain Bolt, a Living Legend on Planet

The most spectacular event is the Olympics games is indisputably the 100m sprint which is a sight to behold for it truly reflects, man’s agility, his ability to speed ahead and his determination and grit to win against all odds.

It is really fascinating to see eight of the fastest humans of the world on a single track to win the great event in the world.

Perhaps when discussing sprints one should look back in history and not fail to mention one of the greatest athletes of all times, James Cleveland “Jesse” Owens (September 12, 1913 – March 31).

Owens, as we all know is the man who broke Hitler’s misguided and mistaken notion that the Aryan race (Blue eyed, blonde people were superior to all other races).

He won four gold medals at the 1936 Berlin Olympic games which incensed Hitler so much that he while awarding the medals refused to shake hands with Owens.

Owens won the 100m, 200m, long jump and the 4 x 100m relay.

The man was a myth and a living legend and an award has been named in his honor in the USA.

The Jesse Owens Award is the highest USA Track and Field honor bestowed upon the year’s best track and field athlete. Owens has been ranked as the sixth greatest North American athlete of the twentieth century and the highest-ranked in his sport.

Usain Bolt – A legend in history of Olympics

They say history tends to repeat itself and today we have a world class sprinter, a man whom Owens would be proud of who has excelled in racing events.

That man is none another than Usain Bolt, an athlete who literally bolts like lighting leaving spectators in awe and reeling in raptures.

Usain St. Leo Bolt, was born in Jamaica on 21Aug, 1986 is presently the fastest human on earth. He has to his honor to hold both the 100m record as well as 200m record since automatic full-time became mandatory.

Bolt rose to stardom and fame at the early age competing in the 2002 World Junior Champions. At the age of 18 towering at 1.96m, he physically stood out among his peers.

The 2002 World Junior Championships before a home crowd in Kingston, Jamaica, gave Bolt a chance to prove his credentials on the world stage. Timing at 20.61 He won the 200m, only 0.03 seconds slower than his personal best of 20.58 s set in the 1st round.

Bolt’s 200m win made him the youngest world junior gold medalist ever. The expectation of the crowd made him so nervous that he put his shoes on the wrong feet. Bolt pledged later that he would not be awed by the crowd.

The adulation and fan following he has are not confined to Jamaica or the Caribbean. Usain Bolt has become a household named loved and admired by millions the world over.

He reigns supreme in the 100m and 200, as World and Olympic champion.

Another record to his name is the 4 x 100m relay which makes him the reigning World and Olympic champion in these three events.

His claim to fame and rise to glory was made at the 2008 Beijing Olympics for his double sprint victory. From there onwards the world was there for his taking and he never looked back.

He later became the first man at the Olympic Games to win six gold medals being the first to win consecutive Olympic 100m and 200m in (2008 and 2012).

Presently at the 2016 Summer Olympics, being held in Rio, Brazil he has already smashed records bagging three golds including the 100m sprint.

He is the world record holder with a time of 9.58 at the World Championships in 2009.

He has excelled in the world championship eleven times from 2009 t0 2015.

His records are very difficult to keep up with as he himself is responsible for breaking his own records.

They have of course been some other great athletes over the years but to none outclass Bolt who can only be described in superlatives, greatest, fastest, strongest, most sensational and most spectacular.

Here is a list of the world’s best sprinters

  • Usain Bolt (Jamaica) – Fastest Time: 9.58 seconds
    The 100m Olympic record (9.69) was set by Bolt at the 2008 Summer Games in Beijing.
  • Tyson Gay (United States) – Fastest Time: 9.69 seconds
    During the 2008 U.S. Olympic Trials, Gay also ran a wind-aided 9.68 (once the fastest 100 m under any condition).
  • Asafa Powell (Jamaica) – Fastest Time: 9.72 seconds
    Asafa Powell ran his fastest time, once the world record, during heats at the 2007 IAAF Rieti Grand Prix.
  • Maurice Greene (United States) – Fastest Time: 9.79 seconds
    By the widest margin since electronic timing, Greene ran this since passed world record time in 1999.
  • Donovan Bailey (Canada) – Fastest Time: 9.84 seconds
    Bailey returned Canada to glory with his 9.84 record-breaking runs at the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games.
  • Bruny Surin (Canada) – Fastest Time: 9.84 seconds
    Surin’s second place finish of 9.84 at the 1999 World Championships was the fastest silver medal time ever.
  • Leroy Burrell (United States) – Fastest Time: 9.85 seconds
    Burrell had twice set the world record in the 100 metres with a 9.90 in 1991 and a 9.85 in 1994.
  • Justin Gatlin (United States) – Fastest Time: 9.85 seconds
    Gatlin’s fastest time was set at the 2004 Olympics with a gold medal winning 9.85-second run.
  • Olusoji Fasuba (Nigeria) – Fastest Time: 9.85 seconds
    Fasuba holds the African 100 metre sprinting mark with a 9.85 at the Doha Grand Prix in 2006.
  • Carl Lewis (United States) – Fastest Time: 9.86 seconds
    Track and Field star Carl Lewis has won nine Olympic gold medals and eight World Championship gold medals.
Usain Bolt wins third 100m gold
Usain Bolt wins third 100m gold – TimelyBuzz

It is being said that Bolt’s images in the Rio Olympics are making waves that it cause an Internet meltdown. Not only is image captivating, he is so self-confident that he even turns to look at his opponents while keeping his pace.

Usain Bolt now ranks with legends like Mohammad Ali and Michael Jordan.

Bolt is probably the most photographed person on the planet at the moment after winning the gold in the final on Monday.

His athletic dominance and iconic personality have provided the world with so many memorable moments that to sum up his incredible athletic dominance in one image is nigh on impossible.

But Australian photographer Cameron Spencer, of Getty Images, has come pretty close with this absolute gem taken towards the end of his semi-final race.

The Usain Bolt photo that is sending the internet crazy.

Usain Bolt Crazy Picture Olympics 2016 100m race
Picture: (Cameron Spencer/Getty) Images (Source:Getty Images)

Already sports fans and reporters from around the world are going nuts about the perfectly-timed photo.

Usain Bolt has magnetic charisma and is photogenic which is the reason all his images on camera are breathtaking.

Sports pundits have praised Bolt for what he is a great athlete and superb personality.

To dwell on his personal life it can be said that being Jamaican, Bolt has a passion for Reggae music and dancing. His friends describe him as a pretty laid back character with a relaxed disposition. His Jamaican track and field idols include Herb Mckenley and former Jamaican 100m and 200m world record holder, Don Quarrie. Michael Johnson the former 200m world and Olympic record holder is also revered by him.

His first name is pronounced YOO-sane and he has the sobriquet “Lightning Bolt” due to his name and speed.

Being a follower of the catholic faith he is known to for making the sign of the cross before racing competitively, and he wears a Miraculous medal ding his races. His middle name is St. Leo.

Bolt also loves cricket and says if he had not been a sprinter he probably would have turned to cricket. In his childhood, he supported the Pakistan cricket team and Waqar Younis was his idol.

Another idol of his is the legendary batsman, Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar.

He also has a passion for the video game Call of Duty video game series and stays up late playing at it.

Bolt, is also a fan Manchester United, one of the greatest teams of the English premier league. He admires Dutch striker Ruud Van Nistelrooy.

He was a special guest of Manchester United at the 2011 UEFA World champions League where he expressed his desire to play after retirement.

In 2013, Bolt played basketball in the NBA All-Star Weekend All-Star Weekend Celebrity game scoring two points from a slam dunk but acknowledged his other basketball skills were lacking.

Bolt is currently 30 years of age and has a year or two to go before he retires. The world has witnessed spectacular Olympic games but it can say without a shadow of the slightest doubt that when Usain Bolt enters a stadium he lights it up and captivates the crowd.

In the history of sports, Bolt’s star will shine the brightest for it will take a long time if any to equal his magnificence on the track.

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From The Editors Technology

A Historical Insight on Tesla Motors & Its Impact on the Auto Industry

Ever since times immemorial, it has been man’s consistent endeavor to improve his lot in life, to provide material comfort and succor to himself and his family. Right from the medieval ages or even before that when people lived in caves, discovery and invention have been a major priority to enhance and improve the quality of life.

Over the years scientists, inventors, discoverers, doctors, manufacturers, writers, academics political leaders, religious scholars have all contributed their share to the path of progress and prosperity.

The two of the greatest areas where man has made monumental strides over time has been in the field of communications and transportation. With the invention of the telephone by Alexander Graham Bell, it became possible to speak across the globe in a very short time. And with the advent of digital technology, well, all one can say, wonders will never cease to exist.

However, it is an indisputable fact that man’s greatest invention The WHEEL has transformed and revolutionized the world of transportation and given an entirely new impact and dimension to the auto industry.

It is in human nature to aspire for better, more comfortable and above all faster means of transport with foolproof security features and ever since the introduction of Henry Ford’s Model T and its mass production the need for bigger, better and faster has been the criteria of the automakers.

Ever since the Model T, The world’s auto industry has entered into a frenzied and cut throat competition each vying to produce the world’s best automobile to grab a share of the international market.

The Americans needed quantity as well as quality not to forget exacting safety standards and initially were in the forefront of the auto industry.

After the second World War, things changed and today Japan has emerged as the largest automaker with Toyota, the leading car manufacturer in the world General motors, Nissan. Suzuki, Volkswagen, are some of other the leading automakers of the world today.
However, in the early seventies, the world witnessed an oil embargo which soared the prices of petrol globally and the auto industry felt its impact as sales slumped drastically. Moreover, industrial pollution, car fuel emission, and chemical and toxic waste were playing havoc with the ecosystem and the demand for fuel efficient cars was the need of the hour.

Automakers spent millions on research and development and started producing better models of their car version which were both Eco-friendly and fuel efficient.Innovation has always been the hallmark of all major companies, to explore new technology, apply them in and produce better and greater quality products in their related field.

Every major automaker realizes that cost and unmatched efficiency are what draws the customer to its models and they leave no stone unturned to meet the expectations of the market.

One such company is Tesla Motors based in Fremont, California which has been making electric cars since 2012 and which appears to become the greatest automaker in the world. The question obviously springs to mind that what exactly is an electric car and how it compares to an ordinary car?

An electric car is propelled by one or more electric motors powered by rechargeable batteries.These electric motors give instant torque resulting in immediate acceleration.
Tesla motors introduced its Model S which has to date been very successful. The first Tesla electric car was the Roadster made in 2008. It is a battery electric vehicle (BEV) sports car that was produced between 2008 to 2012. Tesla plans a replacement for the roadster in 2019.

The second model introduced by the company has been the Model S which has to date been very successful.The Tesla Model S is a state-of- the art super luxury sedan which operates entirely on electrically powered by rechargeable batteries. A 5-door liftback Tesla first introduced in June 2012 and ever since sales have been soaring in the USA, Canada, and Europe. It has been duly approved and certified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

The greatest feature of the Model S is that it is 100 percent emission free which is nothing short of a godsend as the world struggles to keep industrial emissions down as much as possible. Although Tesla motors are in fierce competition with General motors to capture the electric car market the demand for the model S will give Tesla an edge in the near future .

The Model S is the second highest-selling electric car in the global market after Nissan Leaf. At present, the model has been very successful with touchscreen digital technology to operate its interior systems with eight airbags etc.

The most innovative feature of the Model S is its auto- pilot system, a system whereby the car drives by itself guided by its computer and built-in sensors. In other words, drivers are free to engage in other activities as the car drives itself. It is said that it is also possible for the auto-pilot to accurately park itself.

The car has bagged many prestigious awards the since its inception such as 2013 World Green Car of the Year, Motor Trend Car of the Year and Time magazine’s best 25 inventions of the year 2012. It has been very successful in Scandinavia and in the Netherlands, Germany, and Switzerland.

To gauge the success of any product or in this case a car model the US market is the best yardstick or barometer and the Tesla model S has already captured 60% of the U.S market.

Tesla Motors is owned by Elon Musk, a dynamic and charismatic entrepreneur who like Richard Branson, owner of the Virgin group can best be described as creative visionaries who not only are engaged in earthly business ventures but have set their sights in celestial and inter-galactic pursuits.

Tesla is launching its Model X, an SUV which has advanced features of that of the Model S. Tesla motors in 2016, Tesla upgraded the design of the Model S, which now looks more like the Model X. Further additional upgrades can be done on the S model with the introduction of a software update .

It can be unequivocally said that Tesla Model S is a marvelous engineering feat in automobile technology and electric cars being the need of the hour Tesla motors are a thing of the future and it seems that within a very short span of time Tesla will be the leading automaker in the world.

The company is making monumental strides in auto technology and it would be no surprise that Tesla will soon become a household name and set up a plant in every major country in the world. There are of course negative aspects in any venture and recently Tesla had its share of woes when a Tesla car crashed and the driver was killed despite the fact that the autopilot system was functional.

The matter although being investigated by the National Transportation and Safety Board (NTSB) has not dampened the enthusiasm of potential car buyers. Tesla, however, contends that the auto-pilot system was not to be blamed for the fatal crash. Tesla, which had to face the brunt of the political damage and public relations nightmare went into damage control and immediately started working on modifications to its Autopilot system.

Autopilot works by using cameras, radar and computers to detect objects and brake automatically in case of the possible risk of hitting anything. Although this has been a major setback for the car company Tesla engineers are working at a frantic pace to rectify the anomaly if any.

Meanwhile, Tesla is all set to launch its latest model Model X which will be another feather in its illustrious cap. Tesla is an extremely customer-oriented company and does not make its models until orders are placed in which case delivery dates are given to customers.

Another noteworthy point is that although the price of cars is quite high the government with an aim to reduce emissions is providing tax incentives to companies as well as customers, for example, a Tesla Model X 60 D is priced at 74000 US but with a tax credit of 6500, it comes to 66,500 US dollars.

Moreover, the cost of using electricity is much cheaper than using gasoline so in the long run, it goes without saying that an electric car will prove to be very beneficial.

In anticipation of the introduction of a more affordable model by 2017, Tesla automakers have started collecting a $1000 dollars deposit from potential buyers and so far over half a million people have made the deposit. The potential of this car is incredible as Governments are giving tax breaks to people in Canada and the U.S who want to purchase an environmentally friendly car with no emissions.

In conclusion, it can be said as far as Electric cars are concerned Tesla will prove to be a major player in the global auto industry.