Wonders never cease to exist, especially the wonders of modern science for as technology and medical research advances at a phenomenal pace, newer and more effective methods are being discovered. Doctors have made immense strides in all branches of medicine.
The first heart transplant was done by Dr. Christian Bernard, a South African and American-trained doctor. However, The patient died after 18 days.
Ever since then heart transplants, bone marrow, liver and kidney transplants have become a common practice in medical science and thousands of lives have been saved in the process.
Now, In a sensational and revolutionary step, and what can best be described as wonderful news for women who can’t bear children, doctors have experimented in womb transplant in the USA.
Four women have successfully received new wombs from living donors at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas.This is the first time living-donor womb transplants have been performed in the United States.
Of the four surgeries which took place between Sept. 14 and Sept. 22, three of the womb transplants were removed after tests determined the organs were not receiving normal blood flow. One woman still has her transplanted uterus and has shown no signs of rejection so far.
Uterus transplants with live donors will go a long way in reproductive medicine as it is proving very successful. Sweden was the pioneer to start this and in five out of nine cases recipients have given birth to healthy babies and one woman is pregnant for the second time.
Some women suffer from what is known as Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and are born without a uterus. About one in 4,500 women in the U.S. are estimated to suffer from this.
Dr. Giuliano Testa, the lead surgeon and surgical chief of abdominal transplantation at Baylor, acknowledges that despite the fact that these results so far, while disappointing, still show tremendous progress.
From the science perspective, indeed this is a great day for mothers to be for it will give hope to many who thought they would never have a child.
This is the second time a hospital in the U.S. has attempted womb transplants. In February, the Cleveland Clinic performed the first uterus transplant in the U.S.; the organ was from a deceased donor. Less than two weeks after the transplant, the recipient, Lindsey McFarland, acquired an infection and the transplant had to be removed.
The Cleveland Clinic then put its program on pause.s transplants are estimated to cost from $150,000 to over $500,000, and since they are still experimental, they are not usually covered by insurance.
The procedure is very complicated and lengthy as it took about five hours for the wombs to be removed from the donors, and another five to transplant.
Besides the four surgeons of Baylor, the team was supported by two Swedish surgeons with womb transplant experience, two anesthesiologists, and seven operating room nurses.
The two Swedish doctors were from Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg and were of the first surgical team in the world to perform successful womb transplants.
They wanted to share their experience and assist other teams throughout the world. Dr. Liza Johannesson, one of the doctors from Sahlgrenska University Hospital who assisted Baylor with their surgeries. “If no one can repeat it, it’s not worth anything. We owe it to the patients to be open.” Johannesson says her team will continue to assist Baylor with further womb transplant procedures.
It is estimated that it will take the women about three months to get back to normal daily activity. In six to 12 months, a woman with a successful uterus transplant can attempt in vitro fertilization (IVF).
(Since the women’s ovaries are not connected to their wombs, IVF is required if she wants to get pregnant.) Because all organ transplants require recipients to take extremely powerful anti-rejection injections and typically, the uterus is removed after they’ve had two children.
Despite the setback Dr. Testa is determined to carry out operations and they plan to conduct 10 experiments .The Baylor team is assessing the results from the first four surgeries before moving forward with the other six.
This is indeed a major breakthrough in reproductive science and with time such dedicated and sincere doctors will eventually become successful giving great hopes to mothers to be all over the world.
There are many mysteries in this world that we mortals do not comprehend and seek answers too and when unable to convince ourselves just accept it as part of life.
This very well reminds me of the movie ‘Exorcist‘ a sensational horror movie in which a 14-year-old girl is possessed by the devil and the mother, an actress consults a team of more than 50 doctors who examine the girl in the minutest detail but fail to diagnose her and finally advise to consult a priest as it was a case of exorcism.
Medical mysteries are very difficult to fathom such as people who wake up from the coma after years beginning an entirely new life.
Sometimes all the medications and best medical treatment do not stop the suffering whereas other forms of treatment are effective such as herbal medicine has a positive effect.
They have been many medical mysteries throughout the world some so astounding that it dares belief and defies the imagination.
A 24-year-old woman who went to a hospital complaining of dizziness of dizziness and nausea in China. She told the doctors that she was unable to stand on her own until age 4 and unable to speak intelligibly until age 6. In fact, throughout her life, she told her doctors she’d suffered balance problems. Despite these slight health issues, the woman was married, with a daughter, and had functioned normally for years.
A CAT scan revealed to the shocking surprise of doctors when her doctors looked at the scan and identified her problem: her entire cerebellum was missing.
Music is a pleasure but only when listened to at leisure. However, what in a rare medical condition one hears songs in their head round the clock. A woman in England Susan Root suffers from music hallucination. She hears Judy garland’s song Somewhere over the rainbow over and over her head. The condition is so severe sometimes her husband has to shout to gain her attention. Doctors have no explanation on the matter.
A migraine is a headache condition which is a debilitating. Doctors and researchers have still not found the cause or an effective cure for it. What they do know is that it is genetic and is passed on to families.
Group illness In El Carmen, Colombia, over 200 teen girls mysteriously fell ill which was inexplicable to doctors. First, it was attributed to mass hysteria but it was later discovered that the village was subjected to a vaccination campaign to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV).” And it could be a case of harmful side effects. However, the mystery remains unsolved.
Induced seizures by Ne-Yo songs
A British woman Zoe Fennessy, 26, suffers from epileptic seizures that cause severe nausea and stops her in her tracks…but only when she hears a song by Ne-Yo, a Grammy-nominated artist.
She has to wear earphones whenever she shops or walks around in public as a way to prevent hearing the pop star’s voice and suffering its effects.
Stillborn births British researchers have confirmed that male babies are more likely to be stillborn than females, the reason unknown — significantly so while scientists believe this gender disparity results from some biological source, they have not yet identified an exact or even a plausible cause.
A man woke up from a coma in Australia and upon seeing a Chinese nurse he began speaking he began speaking fluent Mandarin.
Ben McMahon had taken classes in high school and spent time in Shanghai, he was nowhere near fluency in the Mandarin language. No one knows for sure how this language inversion came about, but McMahon’s doctors believe the accident damaged the brain circuitry associated with speaking English while engaging the network linked to speaking Mandarin.
Life without appetite
Landon Jones woke up one day without an appetite and thirst and at the age of 12 has to be forced food and water.
Perhaps the greatest medical mystery is the case of Mackenzie Hild, a 19-year-old woman at the time pain who could not eat for 5 years due to an unknown condition which doctors despite hundreds of tests could not explain at all.`
She was told by doctors in a hospital all her tests had proved negative, that is to say, that she was a normal person. They recommended that she go to a medical center where she could be treated for eating disorders.
Hild, weighing only 75 pounds at 5ft 3’ wept as she tried to convince Doctors she didn’t have anorexia. She desperately wanted to eat, she insisted, but couldn’t.
She suffered from severe pain as a result of which she could not eat at all. The pain would last for four hours after she drank or eaten something.
She at first thought she felt the pain due to stress, perfectionism attention seeking or plain hunger but after exhaustive testing and treatment at several of the nation’s most prominent hospitals failed to uncover a physical explanation. Removing her gallbladder didn’t help. Her condition persisted for 5 years during which she was kept alive by being fed by tubes.
During that time she went to South Africa for 10 months and did internships on Indian reservations in the Navajo desert.
At school, her health worsened. A few weeks into her sophomore year, she went to the student health center. “They said, ‘You’re too skinny, we’re putting you in an ambulance,” Hild said, recalling her admission to the Boston hospital.
After her confrontation with the medical team, Hild spent nearly a month in a unit for people with eating disorders. Despite intense pain, she managed to gain nearly 20 pounds. She took a medical leave and spent the year at home, seeing doctors in a futile attempt to determine the cause of the stabbing pain right below her diaphragm, which was accompanied by bouts of nausea.
In the spring of 2011, the pain was so debilitating that Hild opted for a feeding tube that snaked up her nose, down her throat, through her stomach, and into her small intestine. Doctors hoped it would allow her gut to rest and enable her to resume eating.
When her weight reached 105 pounds, doctors approved her return to Harvard. “I loved college, and I was desperate to go back,” Hild said. “But there was still no answer. And I was getting 100 percent of my nutrition delivered through my nose.”
After months of tube feeding, her Boston gastroenterologist, who had ruled out anorexia, grew concerned that her stomach might start to atrophy. He urged her to consume small amounts, such as a few sips of a high-calorie nutritional drink, several times a week.
“I would eat at 8 p.m. and for the next four hours would lie on my bed in a fetal position,” she recalled. The feeding tube also caused repeated sinus infections and frequent hoarseness.
Hild was determined not to let her condition rule her life. She carried a full course load, did volunteer work with the homeless and had supportive friends who included her in their plans. In a nod to her major, Hild approached not eating as “an anthropology experiment.”
“I got used to explaining it,” she said, adding that “it was amazing how much of college revolves around eating.”
In May 2012, San Francisco surgeons replaced her feeding tube with a less conspicuous one implanted in her abdomen. They also removed Hild’s gallbladder. The pain was undiminished.
Hild pictured with adults and children in Kenya this past summer. Despite her illness, Hild managed to graduate from Harvard, spent two summers working on Indian reservations and volunteered in South Africa.
Hild spent the next two summers doing medical work on reservations in Arizona and New Mexico. She saw a world-famous GI expert at a major medical center in the Midwest and spent a week there undergoing a regimen to speed digestion; it didn’t help. “I had high hopes that this would be the answer,” she recalled. She began taking a new drug that enabled her to better manage the pain and nausea. “I began to think that maybe someday I’d get my stomach back.” To adapt and cope was amazing.” Last year, an extraordinary confluence of events would make both a reality.
The catalyst was a chance meeting between Hild’s parents and a medical school professor on a remote hiking trail in California’s the Sierra Nevada.
Intrigued by Hild’s case, he asked a fourth-year medical student to review it. The tenacious student zeroed in on an overlooked clue buried in Hild’s voluminous file, then reached out to a surgeon in Chicago. In March 2015, the surgeon performed the 2½ -hour operation that restored Hild’s life.
There are many people in this world who have made a lot of money in life, not to the tune of millions but billions and have contributed a major portion of their wealth to the cause of noble and worthy deeds.
These people have a heart of gold and god has blessed them with an untold bounty for their foremost interest has always been for the good of mankind.
They have donated money to education, scientific research, charitable causes, eradication of diseases, housing, tackling famine, Floods, earthquakes and other natural calamities.
A case in point is the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation which has contributed a 100 million dollars for the eradication of polio in the world.
Warren Buffet, the third-richest person in the world has recently given away 2.90 billion dollars to the Gates foundation in the form of stock shares .
Warren Buffett, the billionaire chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, has donated another roughly $2.86 billion of his holdings in the company’s stock to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and four family charities, as part of his plan to give away nearly his entire fortune.
Buffet has since 2006 contributed a total of 24.3 billion dollars to charity.
The Gates Foundation focuses on improving education and health received 14.96 million shares of the company.
Gates, the co-founder of Microsoft, has known Buffett for a quarter century and counts him as a close friend. He is also a Berkshire director.
Buffett typically makes his donations in July, reducing the number of shares by 5% from the prior year.
In yet another development with regard to charitable causes and what can be described as one of the greatest and noblest deeds ever, the founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, and his wife Priscilla Chan have pledged $ 3 billion dollars to rid the world of all diseases by the end of the century.
The couple has set up the Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative to “cure, prevent or manage all disease” by the end of the century which was announced at a news conference at UCSF Mission Bay in San Francisco.
So the question is how do they intend to go about it? How does one get rid of all the malaise in the world?
The 3 billion dollars will go into scientific research to initiate a medical revolution, creating scientific tools based on traditional science and engineering on which all researchers can develop a map of all cell types, a way to monitor blood constantly to detect any signs of early disease.
The Noble couple envisions that all diseases are eradicated by the turn of the century.
The money will also help fund what they referred to as 10 to 15 “virtual institutes” that will bring together investigators from around the world to focus on individual diseases or other goals — an idea that has the potential to upend biomedical science.
Presently being a scientist in academia today can often be a solitary endeavor as the system is set up to encourage colleagues to keep data exclusive in the hopes that this strategy helps them be more competitive at getting publications and grants.
But now the trend will change, and with Silicon Valley entrepreneurs like Zuckerberg who are seeking to make their mark in the biological sciences, the power of collaboration and openness is being encouraged.
A “Biohub” will be created in an effort call Chan-Zuckerberg Science at the University of California at San Francisco (UCSF) Mission Bay campus that will bring together scientists from Stanford, the University of California at Berkeley and UCSF.
The long-term vision of Zuckerberg and Chan, ranked among the world’s 10 wealthiest couples, with a net worth of $55.2 billion, is truly commendable and the world should rise to salute this couple.
Advising patients, the young husband, and wife are well aware that their effort does not mean that all diseases will be eradicated in the world but it will certainly ensure that there is a considerably less sickness in the world.
The Zuckerbergs are not alone in their effort in such a worthy cause. Sean Parker, a Napster co-founder has also donated some 250 million dollars to band together a team of top researchers from around the country to focus on immunotherapy for cancer.
Microsoft’s Paul Allen has already invested $100 million in a cell biology institute to try to create models of the fundamental building blocks of life.
It was unclear how those efforts would collaborate with Chan-Zuckerberg Science, if at all.
Zuckerberg in a magnanimous gesture gave credit to his wife Chan for having guided him on this route. Chan who is a pediatrician, by profession who stole the limelight.
It was a public debut for Chan as she was first and last on stage and in sharp contrast to the robotic presentations there was a human touch to the presentation at such announcements she was moved to tears when talking about the soul-searching that led to the project.
She poignantly recounted what it was like to tell a parent that a child has the devastating diagnosis of leukemia or tell a family that doctors had not been able to resuscitate their child which moved the audience and herself to tears.
“In those moments and at many others, we are at the limit of what we understand about the human body and disease, the limit of our ability to alleviate suffering. We want to push back that boundary,” Chan said.
Chan, who met Zuckerberg when they were students at Harvard and married him in 2012, is a very private and reclusive person for she keeps to herself.
Despite being a billionaire’s wife who could go globetrotting and spend lavishly on the good things in life she shuns media appearances, launch events, and other public and social engagements.
Instead, she preferred to attain her medical degree in 2012, do her residency at UCSF and continues to work as a Pediatrician at San Francisco General. It is no easy sailing to become a doctor in the U.S.A and Chan could have given it all up after marriage but being a strong and humane person she has chosen her path in life.
Philanthropy comes naturally to the Zuckerbergs, During those years, the couple began to ramp up their philanthropy with a mix of traditional grants — $5 million to UCSF Children’s Hospital, $75 million for San Francisco General Hospital, $25 million to the CDC Foundation to fight Ebola — along with a few less conventional projects.
They contributed 100 million dollars to reform the struggling Newark school system but the money was squandered by local politicians’ mismanagement. However, this did not deter the couple but rather motivated them as a lesson and later they gave away 120 million dollars to the San Francisco Bay area and said that they looked at the failures in New Jersey as a learning opportunity.
Max Chan-Zuckerberg is held by her parents, Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan. Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg and his wife announced the birth of their daughter, Max, as well as plans to donate most of their wealth to a new organization that will tackle a broad range of the world’s ills.
The couple is more than human as they are serving humanity in such a way they could be best described as god’s angels on earth for their purpose is do good and nothing but good in this world pledging another 45 billion to the world. The Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative makes their previous grants pale in comparison.
She is now an integral part off of the billionaire spouses philanthropic society or sorority along with Melinda Gates, Microsoft’s Bill Gates wife, for her work with global and women’s health issues. Cari Tuna, a former journalist for the Wall Street Journal and wife of another Facebook co-founder, Dustin Moskovitz, has taken the lead on the couple’s philanthropy.
And Laurene Powell Jobs, widow of Steve Jobs of Apple, has recently started to make inroads with efforts in education as well as global conservation and immigration policy.
It is a well-known fact that most people die from five things — heart disease, cancer, stroke, neurodegenerative and infectious diseases — and we can make faster progress on these and other problems.
Once we recognize that your generation and your children’s generation may not have to suffer from the disease, we collectively have a responsibility to tilt our investments a bit more towards the future to make this reality. Your mother and I want to do our part.
In formulating their plan for Chan-Zuckerberg Science, the couple said they consulted with numerous scientists and philanthropists, including Gates, who appeared on stage Wednesday to praise the couple’s “risk-taking,” and National Institutes of Health Director Francis Collins, whom Zuckerberg credited with pushing them to view the problem through the lens of computer science.
Cori Bargmann, a neuroscientist, was named a president of science at the Chan-Zuckerberg Initiative.
The new effort will be led by Cori Bargmann, a neuroscientist at Rockefeller University who was co-chair of President Obama’s BRAIN Initiative and is expected to eventually include thousands of researchers throughout the world.
Bargmann said in an interview that the list of target projects is still being worked out but that one major effort will involve infectious diseases.
Zika, Ebola, and other fatal diseases will be tackled on a war footing . Medical Research will be conducted from all over the world.
All one can say that the world should rise and salute the Zuckerberg for they given a whole new meaning to humanity and philanthropy.
The world is indeed blessed to have people like them n the planet.
Since times immemorial it has been man’s consistent effort to discover new remedies of the prevailing ailments. The ancient Greeks were probably the first few in the civilized world to practice proper medicine.
Hippocrates, known as the father of modern medicine established the first medical school in Kos where he was born in 460BC.
Hippocrates is credited with being the first person to believe that diseases were caused naturally, not because of superstition and gods.
He believed that diseases were the product of environmental factors and living habits and not an act of the wrath of the gods as was the common belief of the times.
The philosophy of Greek Medicine was that man is essentially a product of nature or the natural environment. Health is living in harmony with Nature, and disease results when this harmony and balance are upset.
It was a generally held notion that the use of herbal medicine was not exclusive to humans for animals in the wild when sick would eat herbal plants till they got better.
It was thus that herbal medicine amongst humans first evolved as an imitation of this universal healing practice of the animal kingdom.
Herbal medicine is presently a universal practice among all the world’s traditional medical systems, which developed systems or models of herbal healing based on the holistic healing principles and concepts inherent to that system.
In the olden days, when there were no such things as antibiotics people relied on this form of healing. The village healer would use a certain herb for the certain ailment and another for another ailment.
The origins of herbal medicine lie in the common empirical experience of the human race, in observing which plants the animals ate when they were feeling sick, and following their example.
From these origins, augmented by centuries of experiential trial and error, a body of knowledge and lore developed in each region of the world, which became the world’s indigenous folk medicine traditions.
Over time the medical practice has evolved by leaps and bounds and as a result of modern research and technology medical practitioners find it easy to analyze, diagnose and treat an ailment in the shortest possible time.
There is no denying that herbal medicine does have it curative power but we live in such a fast-paced age that like the fast food we prefer an instant fix or in this case a quick cure for everything.
Strong antibiotics provide an instant cure for ailments like flu, fever, aches and pains.
With time, herbal medicine was less practiced and people nowadays prefer latest drugs.
Although, Traditional healing wisdom and good old common sense told the common man for hundreds, even thousands of years that Nature’s botanical medicines were the best way to health and healing.
All the world’s great religions all have passages from their sacred texts advocating the use of herbs for health and healing.
So what exactly is herbal medicine and how does it compare with pharmaceutical drugs.
Herbal medicine is the use of plants and other natural substances in healing. Although plants and botanical medicines are the mainstays of the world’s great herbal healing traditions, not all the natural substances used for medicine are of plant origin. Botanical medicines make up about 85% of traditional pharmacopeias, with mineral substances comprising about 10% and those of animal origin about 5%.
Plants are used both for food and medicine and with medicine as well as with food, the more natural, whole and unrefined a substance is, the higher it is in nutritive value, and the better it is assimilated and metabolized by the body.
A pharmaceutical drug is a very potent, refined substance that has been designed for a very narrow, specific purpose; and so, it is not metabolized in a balanced, harmonious way by the body and its humor, which creates a whole host of negative side effects.
In order to comprehend the curative powers or the healing potential of herbal medicine, it is necessary that we compare the differences with that of pharmaceutical drugs.
The main advantages are ;
Herbs tend to work with nature not against it by increasing the natural functions and defensive healings reactions of the organism.
Pharmaceutical companies administered drugs, however, tend , suppress key bodily functions and block these natural healing reactions.
Over the long term, this negative approach wears down the inherent vitality and resistance of the organism.
Herbs have less after effects and are gentler whereas the negative side effects of pharmaceutical drugs cause thousands of unnecessary deaths every year.
Herbs have a nutritive value that drugs lack. No pharmaceutical drug that your doctor can prescribe will be able to rebuild your body; only whole foods, nutritional supplements, and herbs can do that.
Many herbs are nutrient-rich superfoods; as whole natural substances, their nutrients are better absorbed and retained by the organism than even the finest natural vitamins, which are fractionated, concentrated extracts.
Herbs are living medicines that can vitalize and energize the organism; synthetic drugs, as lifeless substances, can’t do this. Also, the biological intelligence inherent in herbs gives many of them a bivalent capacity to adjust or optimize key bodily functions, like digestion, circulation, metabolism, and immunity.
Synthetic drugs, which lack this biological intelligence, work only in one direction, and their dosages must be closely monitored to avoid excess or overdose.
The wheels of nature and herbs grind slowly and work well , Herbs usually take longer to work than synthetic drugs, but they work naturally and get to the root of the problem.
Synthetic drugs may give you the quick fix, but this is often deceptive; many times, pharmaceutical drugs merely mask the symptoms, suppress the body’s natural healing processes, and may even drive the root cause deeper into the organism. The choice is yours: Do you want to be healed slower, but better, or quickly but not as well?
Pharmaceutical companies are constantly researching and developing drugs but it seems that sooner or later they will have to go back and adopt herbal medicine in their scheme of things strategy.
There are many who avoid antibiotics because of negative reactions. Elderly folk prefers the traditional herbal medicine as they fear new and powerful drugs.
Although pharmaceutical companies spend billions on research and development of a drug and test new drugs and its effects, first on animals and then humans it has to go through various checks and balances especially in the U.S.A where the Federal Drug Administration , the government’s official watchdog is very strict in its guidelines.
People in the less developed countries still follow the traditional system of herbal where superstitions and taboos exist and the are very scared to use quality pharmaceutical drugs.
With a growing population, the world is running short of resources water, power, gas as well as quality drugs. One must not forget that healthcare should be our foremost priorities for there is a universal saying “ Health is Wealth” for if health is lost all is lost.
Cassandra Quave is Ethnobotanist based at Emory university in Atlanta.
On a visit to her father’s ranch in Arcadia, Fla her eyes witness what she describes as a vast botanical tapestry, rich as a Persian rug. A Smilax vine dangled menacingly on a wire fence pointed leaves, like a necklace of shark’s teeth. Beneath it, tiny wild daisies and mint ornamented the grass with pink tassels and purple corners.
Up above, on the sloping branches of oak trees, whiskery bromeliads, Spanish moss and the gray fronds of resurrection fern tangled in a miniature jungle all their own.
Each of these species intrigued Quave. Her eyes lingered enough to merit a pause, a verbal greeting, a photo. An ethnobotanist based at Emory University in Atlanta, Quave, 38, has an unabashed fondness for all citizens of the kingdom Plantae. But on this evening, her attention lingered on certain species more than others: those with the power to heal, with the potential to help prevent a looming medical apocalypse.
Ethnobotany is a historically small and obscure offshoot of the social sciences, focused on the myriad ways that indigenous peoples use plants for food, shelter, clothing, art and medicine. Within this already-tiny field, a few groups of researchers are now trying to use this knowledge to derive new medicines, and Quave has become a leader among them.
Equally adept with a pipette and a trowel, she unites the collective insights of traditional plant-based healing with the rigor of modern laboratory experiments.
Over the past five years, Quave has gathered hundreds of therapeutic shrubs, weeds, and herbs and taken them back to Emory for a thorough chemical analysis.
She is one of the few researchers who believes that sooner or later the World will have to use herbal medicine as a looming medical crisis looms globally.
There are a growing number of diseases emerging in the world and with it frantic efforts to have alternative drugs to cure the same. The world wants to be cured of ailments whether from herbal medicine or pharma drugs. They don’t want to be part of the squabbling.
We live in a complex world, in the fast track lane slogging to meet ends meet ignoring the fact that our pursuit to make our lives better is taking its toll on our health.
It has been duly observed that in our society there is an ever increasing number of people suffering from various ailments such as such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, mental illness, and autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis.
When people suffer from such ailments they general consult a physician or a general practitioner who examines them and prescribes them medicine for immediate relief or cure.If the ailment is serious the patient is referred to a specialist who in turns conducts tests to determine the nature of the problem.
All this is part of what is called conventional medicine which deals with the immediate disorder and its immediate cure and treatment.
However, Functional medicine is that branch of medicine which delves into the root cause of the problem exploring in depth as to what brought the disorder in the first place.
“Prevention is better than cure“ is a well heard saying or proverb which unfortunately many people do not take heed of. If an ailment and its root cause are detected at an early stage then it can be easily nipped in the bud Functional medicine addresses the underlying causes of disease and is a more patient-oriented approach.
It effectively serves and addresses the healthcare needs of the community in the 21st century.
Functional medicine engages both patient and practitioner in a therapeutic partnership. It deals with the whole person and not just an isolated set of symptoms.
It explores patient history spending time with patients studying their lifestyles and factors that can influence long-term health and complex, chronic disease. In this way, functional medicine supports the unique expression of health and vitality for each individual.
In every aspect of life whenever a problem arises it is better to try to discover the cause of the problem rather than just taking care of the matter. Children are told not to play with sharp objects which can hurt them, mothers tend to keep infants and toddlers out of the kitchen lest they are victims of some unforeseen hazard.
Similarly, functional medicine goes for the root cause and it’s early and permanent cure rather than let the effects linger on too long term problems.
There are many who would argue what is the point of functional medicine when conventional medicine does the job easily.
Well, the answer to the question is several. Let we examine the need for functional medicine.
As mentioned earlier our society is afflicted with all sorts of diseases which are increasing day by day, the system of medicine.
There are six core principles of functional medicine which can be outlined as under;
#1 An understanding of the biochemical individual of each human being based on the concept of environmental and genetic uniqueness.
#2 To be aware of the evidence which is patient centered and not diseases centered.
#3 Approach to treatment ;Search for dynamic balance among the internal and external body, mind, and spirit.
#4 Familiarity with the web-like interconnections of internal physiological factors.
#5 identification of health as a position vitality not merely the absence of disease emphasis. Those factors that encourage the enhancement of vigorous physiology.
#6 Promotion of organ reserve as the means to enhance health span not just the lifespan of each patient.
Proper methodology is lacking in the acute care approach to medicine and the tools for preventing and treating chronic disease.
Most physicians are concerned with immediate care and treatment of the problem at hand and prescribe medicines and drugs or recommend surgery as the case may be.
There are a huge or tremendous gap between research and practice by doctors at least 50 years especially in the case of chronic illness.
Most Physicians are not qualified to deal with the long-term causes of chronic illness and disease. And to apply strategies such as nutrition , diet, and exercises to both prevent and treat these diseases.
If you can prevent something unhealthy and dysfunctional from happening in the body by exploring the root cause of the problem in its initial stages then the problem of will not grown at all.
An expert on Functional Medicine, Dr. Mark Hyman, an author whose book was on the NYT best selling list gives a clear perspective on functional medicine.
In the case of cancer,doctors only conventional methods are applied.
Doctors tend to cut the malignant tissue, cauterize it or burn it or remove it with surgery or radiation therapy.
Making a prognosis or diagnosis does not entirely cure the disease. It merely eases the pain or suffering temporarily.
Conventional medicine focuses on naming diseases based on geography, body location and specialty, instead of by the cause, mechanism or pathway
Functional medicine is a personalized model of diagnosis, It involves a doctor-patient relationship which means engaging the patient to discover the root cause of the disease afflicting him or her.
This method enables and empowers patients and practitioners to achieve the highest expression of health by working collaboratively to address the causes of disease.
As an analogy, functional medicine doctors can be compared to soil farmers: They create a healthy soil, so pests can’t come and weeds can’t flourish. A healthy soil means disease can’t take hold. With cancer, a functional medicine practitioner would say that yes, we still need radiation and other conventional approaches, but what else can we do?
How can we properly cultivate a healthy soil? Cancer results because of an imbalance in the system, so many people are walking around with tumors and don’t know it. We can do something to prevent them from growing by maintaining a healthy soil.
The core causes that can result in chronic diseases is explored in a larger context from the functional medicine perspective. If the root cause of a disease can be identified, isolated and treated in its early stages then thousands of lives can be protected.
Cancer is scary and most people when hearing that they have the disease are panic stricken. It is important to realize what works with you and develop a plan to stick with it. Cancer should be thought of differently.
Dr. Hyman has effectively suggested five cancer prevention tips which we will study as under.
# Dump the Sugar:. Sugar feeds cancer and creates diabesity, a form of diabetes associated with obesity It is estimated that diabesity affects ver 1.7 billion people worldwide. The number one thing one can do to prevent or control cancer is to control insulin levels with a high-fiber diet rich in real, fresh, whole foods and minimize or eliminate sugary, processed, insulin-raising foods.
# Eliminate food sensitivities: In a major study in the Journal of the American Medical Association, hidden gluten sensitivity was shown to increase the risk of death by 35 to 75 percent, mostly by causing heart disease and cancer. By just this mechanism alone, more than 20 million.
Americans are at risk for heart attack, obesity, cancer, and death. Dairy and gluten are the most common triggers of food allergies that are linked to insulin resistance. Cutting them out of the diet allows the inflamed gut and an inflamed body to heal.
# Inflammation: Inflammation is the common thread connecting most chronic disease, including cancer. In fact, out-of-control inflammation causes insulin resistance, which, as we now know, is the main factor in all these diseases, apart from autoimmunity and allergy. The insulin resistance then creates, even more, inflammation and the whole biological house burns down. Besides removing sugar and food sensitivities like gluten and dairy, we want to eat plenty of anti-inflammatory foods, including omega-3-rich foods like wild fish and flaxseeds.
# Improve gut health: Cancer often originates in your gut. Not just colon cancer, but with many cancers. We are currently studying about the gut microbiome and breast and prostate cancers. Beyond avoiding inflammatory foods, adding in probiotics, prebiotics and lots of phytonutrients, like curcumin (found in turmeric) and resveratrol (found in grapes), can reduce gut-based inflammation.
# Reduce toxic exposure: The average newborn has 287 chemicals in her umbilical cord blood, 217 of which are neurotoxic (poisonous to nerves or nerve cells). The chemicals these infants are exposed to include pesticides, phthalates, bisphenol A, flame retardants and heavy metals such as mercury, lead, and arsenic.
These chemicals have a broad range of negative effects on human biology; they damage the nervous system and increase the risk of cancer, and now they have been shown to contribute to obesity. Going clean and green means becoming more aware of how environmental toxins affect your health.
I encourage you to visit the Environmental Working Group to learn more.
# Change your thoughts: Change your thoughts to change your immune system. This bonus strategy is often overlooked, but it’s just as important as the other strategies above.
Science is now proving what we all knew intuitively – that how we live, the quality of our relationships, the food we eat and how we use our bodies determines much more than our genes ever will. There are numerous strategies to combat or prevent cancer, including getting sufficient sleep, controlling stress levels and exercising regularly.
The above guidelines of Dr. Hyman should be followed if one wishes to remain healthy.
They say “Health is Wealth“ which more or less applies to no matter how rich a person is, how powerful he is, how intelligent he is if he is unable to use his resources due to failing health then all is lost. In the case of ordinary mortals it is ok but if one is holding a position of responsibility, say a head of state then the situation can be very different.
World leaders are very particular about their health status and try to keep it hidden not only from their citizens but the world as a whole. And what if the person in question is about to hold the highest and most powerful position in the world that is to say The Presidency of the United States of America.
The latest sensational news to break out relating to the U. S. elections is Hillary Rodham’s Clinton’s health. At a commemoration of the 9/11 15th anniversary, Hillary after the end of events stumbled and had to be helped to her waiting vehicle.
It was later disclosed that Hillary was diagnosed with pneumonia last Friday and her doctor advised her complete rest for five days, but she went on the campaign trail against the advice and fell or stumbled on Sunday.
This health bulletin has been picked up by the American and world media and the Republicans are having a field day.
With the elections only two months away this is a huge setback for the democratic camp and questions are being raised already. Is Hillary healthy and sound enough to become the president of the United States? Donald Trump is playing the matter up. He has clearly stated that Hillary does not have the physical stamina and mental capacity to be president. Will the U.S Voter accept what he says?
Leading political correspondents are of the opinion, as are many in the U.S.A that the health of the U.S. President Is something the American people have every right to know about, and Hillary should come clean about her health issues.
It goes without saying that the Job of the U.S president is probably the most challenging, most demanding, arduous and most pressurizing task in the world and fitness and physical stamina is mandatory. One must not forget that the president is also the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces with access to the nuclear codes that can trigger Armageddon.
However, if one goes back into the history of past US Presidents, one may have a counter argument favoring Hillary.
The most well know President to have a health problem was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. His health issue would probably be the most famous example of a U.S President concealing his illness.
Roosevelt was stricken with polio which humanized his persona. The U.S media was respectful and did not highlight the issue. There were only 2 or 3 photos published of him in a wheelchair by the media. At the time of the Teheran summit in 1943 with Stalin and Churchill, Roosevelt was very ill. He was diagnosed with congestive heart failure, hypertension, acute bronchitis and longstanding pulmonary disease. His illness was concealed to the media and the American public. Roosevelt, went on to win a fourth term but later died in office of a massive cerebral hemorrhageTop of Form
Similarly, President. Dwight D. Eisenhower had heath issues having a heart attack in 1955, an abdominal operation in 1956 and a stroke in 1957. Although the people accepted and were very kind and considerate, they were concerned that his speech was affected and that he would not be able to communicate for people look to their leaders for wisdom, strength and clarity of speaking.
President, Calvin Coolidge’s suffered from severe depression after the death of his son just a few months into his second term in office. As a result, he lost interest in affairs of state and slept for 11 hrs a day, a fact unknown to the people at the time.
President, Woodrow Wilson, had a disabling stroke in the fall of 1919, while he was on a train trip across the country to mobilize support for his cherished League of Nations.
Although, the general public knew he was ill, but they didn’t know the gravity of the situation. His is devoted wife Edith Wilson, his chief of staff Joseph Tumulty and his personal physician, Cary Grayson, were allowed to see him only.
It is sad that Edith Wilson was already a de facto president as issues were brought in and decisions made.
President John F. Kennedy, the man who averted World War III during the Cuban Missile crisis, suffered from many ailments very well concealed from the public eye. He suffered from Addison’s disease and various other diseases such as colitis, duodenal ulcers, osteoporosis. He was on heavy medication and required injections for back pain and took barbiturates for sleep and tranquilizers for anxiety, as many as eight medications a day.
One must not forget that leaders are also mere mortals susceptible and vulnerable to diseases and disabilities.
Today we live in a different age, the age of digital technology where the media has grown not only fast but also very expensive. News travels in seconds, and since ratings have a lot of bearings in the media competition, everything thing is an open competition.
Will the media and American voter be sympathetic and forgiving to Hillary Clinton for she is vying for the highest office in the land?
It must be noted that Hillary’s failure to admit that she had used a private e-mail server while she held the position of the U.S Secretary of State in Obama’s first term had tarnished her image as being entirely trustworthy and honest soon followed by her trying to conceal her health problems which will not go down well with the American public.
The Trump camp heavily supported by Fox News and Breitbart will have a field day; Hillary is in for some heavy bashing. The C.N.N debate is set for Sep 26th, hardly ten days from now. Will Hillary be able to take the grilling and the flak from the Trump camp? Is she physically fit and mentally strong to take the verbal onslaught directed at her?
Even, if Hillary manages to win the presidency, will she be able to withstand the pressures of office. Will her health permit her to fly on a high-flying bomber over the Korean Penisula to boost the morale of US troop there or in the arid desert regions of Afghanistan?
As far as the health issue is concerned Trump is far ahead of her, he is robust, energetic and vigorous. Although he is two years older than Hillary, the gender issue will spring up from the Trump Camp saying “A man is tougher than a woman, especially for such an august office.
There are many other issues at large state; the democratic camp has a lot of fodder to counter attack. Trump’s denigration of Muslims, his hate mongering towards Mexicans and Hispanics, his disparaging remarks about blacks will all be used against him. So the question remains will Hillary’s health be the issues or other issues take center stage.
There are many other issues at large state; the democratic camp has a lot of fodder to counter attack. Trump’s denigration of Muslims, his hate mongering towards Mexicans and Hispanics, his disparaging remarks about blacks will all be used against him. So the question remains will Hillary’s health be the issues or other issues take center stage.
Does this portend the end of Hillary’s political career as the world sees it? Hillary will be back on her feet in record time but her detractors will watch her like hawks, for any misstep, twitch, signs of fatigue will be a major issue which will be played out of proportion by the Trump camp.
What of Donald Trump himself? No one is questioning his physical fitness as he seems robust hale and hearty but what about his mental capacity, his mental frame of mind, Is he mentally fit to become the President of the United States keeping in mind his past rhetoric, his hate mongering, his xenophobia and racist remarks.
Hillary must be a concerted effort to win back the American people, convince them that her health issue was a minor problem and a temporary setback and her supporters need not be concerned.
She must appear strong, confident, indefatigable in the presidential debates for it will be beamed to a global audience and the world is rooting for Hillary Rodham Clinton. This is probably the toughest U.S elections to date where both candidates are running neck to neck, There are many who are impressed and have Trump’s appeal to “Make America Great Again.” He has caught the attention of the military and war veterans where he has a 19% lead.
Hillary is leading overall in the country by 3 to 5% but her health problem has seen a downslide, and it seems Trump took the initiative in Ohio, a critical state which virtually ensures the candidate the White House.
If there was ever a time to be fighting fit and in a belligerent mood Hillary Clinton should know that now is the time. She must keep her health in check, listen to her doctors and defeat Trump to become the first female President of the United States. Hallelujah.
There is an ancient aphorism ‘ Don t put off till tomorrow what you can do today.’
Over the years this has made quite an impact in professional life and bosses place such plaques in the office discouraging procrastination.
Company bosses hark at employees imploring them to use the guideline and get on it but despite everything the problem persists.
What is procrastination, What are its effects both on one’s personal life or professional life?
The literal meaning of procrastination is avoiding to do an assigned task and preferring to engage in other pleasurable activities. This could also imply doing less important work as compared to more important work.
Procrastination does not involve the workplace only, One can put off cleaning the stove, the car, doing the laundry, failing to see a doctor or discussing a sensitive subject with a partner.
According to experts on the subject, procrastination can cause anxiety, stress depression, and self-doubt.
There are several reasons for procrastinating, maybe one puts off filing a report knowing the boss will not be pleased with the outcome, or simply out it off as one is not in the mood or simply one keeps putting it off as one tends to forget in most cases.
Many employees are fired, factory workers given the pink slip, and time is lost due to procrastination of employees.
So the question arises how to control these problems. How to motivate employees to desist from putting off their daily assignments.
There are guides to how to overcome this phenomenon and get cracking again.
Lets us try to study some ways and means to avoid putting off that which has to be done.
All assigned tasks whether in office, schools or factories or government offices have to be met by an absolute deadline which is a curse to many employees.
Failure to do so usually results in grave consequences. Despite a looming deadline, you are engaged in other activities such as checking your e-mail, watching Facebook, looking at the video, and surfing blogs.
The long and short of it being that Instead od constructive work, you are squandering your’s as well as the company’s time.
Many people are caught up in this process throughout their professional lives.
Here are a few tips how to deal with the problem.
First of all, according to experts, we tend to procrastinate because they find the work overwhelming what should be done to break it into parts.
Do the initial work and take a break, if you find it dull then break it up further, and soon you will begin to enjoy yourself. For example writing a book is an enormous task for it involves research, deciding a topic writing or drafting the contents, writing chapters all at once is overwhelming.
A change of environment is very essential to avoid procrastination. People tend to become tedious and lethargic working from their desk and prefer to doze off or relax if one were to change one’s workplace one would feel better and work off.
Set different timelines for work to sum up the total deadline. Having a single timeline gives one the impression that one has a lot of time on one’ hands s hands.
It is better to make a daily checklist of things and set a deadline daily and tell yourself if I do not do this today I jeopardize my schedule.
It is advisable to do way with things that are a source of distraction such as browser bookmarks, your e-mail notification. Block your facebook account etc. and get on the work.
“You ride with outlaws, you die with outlaws ‘ is a saying heard in a western movie. This aptly applies to procrastinators also. If you work in an office environment where everyone has a tendency to procrastinate, then you are very likely to pick up the habit also.
So what should be done to offset this negative aspect? The answer is to seek inspiration. For example, if one were to talk to the likes of say Sir Richard Branson, Steve Jobs and Bill Gates how would one come out of the meeting. Inspired or motivated or morose.
The answer is of course super motivation. So the best thing to do is to hang out with people who are ‘ go-getters’ who truly inspire you to work hard and meet deadlines. Read books about such people and get going.
It is better to have a friend and colleague with whom you can share your ideas. Goals and you can readily inspire each other. An idle companion can be of no use to you for he or she will not help you all to meet the deadlines.
It should be known to all that procrastination has never led to success in life for those who have not seized the moment have let a great moment slip.
To avoid procrastination, one should establish a set of goals with a clear vision. It ‘s nice to take a break, a short vacation or weekend off to assess one’s motives and goals. Think as to where you are and where are you heading. The sooner your goals in life are clear there will be no room for procrastinating.
It is best not to complicate issues such as waiting for a perfect time or anything for there is a never a perfect time. To seek perfection has been one of the greatest reasons to procrastinate.
One must seize the initiative and get things moving or lose the moment do it is better to expedite matters.
The World is averse to all those who procrastinate for companies and bosses want results asap. We live in a highly advanced technological age where the digital world is fast, rapid and changing at a very fast pace. Those who do not keep up with the times are bound to lose themselves in it.
One should also build up one’s mindset as to what to do, how to go about it and how best to cope with the situation.
Although procrastination is not a physical disorder, it certainly has to do with one’s mental faculties for it is quite clear that no one in their frame of mind would like to lose their jobs just because they do not feel like doing their assigned task.
However, putting off a trivial task isn’t necessarily procrastination: it may just be good prioritization!
Feeling tired to get the work also done means that you are not necessarily procrastinating either, so long as you don’t delay starting the task for more than a day or so, and this is only an occasional event.
If you have a genuinely good reason for rescheduling something important, then you’re not necessarily procrastinating. But if you’re only “making an excuse” because you just don’t want to do it, then you are.
We have all procrastinated in our lives on one thing or another. Children tend to put off their homework for as late as possible until their parents admonish them.
Parents put off the demands of the children at times for some reason or another, but this does not necessarily mean procrastination as they have their priorities.
If one has a genuine reason to delay things it may be acceptable but to put off for no rhyme and reason is not acceptable.
Some companies are very strict on such matters and do not hesitate to fire employees found procrastination while others give companies ample time to show cause as why the work was delayed.
In the underdeveloped countries of the world where the standard of work ethics is very dismal Procrastination is an acceptable practice especially in Government offices.
Sometimes one has to grease the palm of officials to get things moving while in other cases bureaucratic hurdles come up.
Procrastination is very much prevalent in the developing countries of the world like countries in Africa, Kenya, Tanzania. Uganda and Nigeria and in Asia countries like Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and the Philippines, etc.
People should learn that putting off things has adverse effects and does not reap rewards at all.
It does not contribute to the productivity and progress of a nation, and the economy is affected due to these late starters.
Governments of the world should train workers on the negative aspects of procrastination, training seminars and workshops must be held to make employees understand these matters.
In conclusion here are a few famous quotes on Procrastination.
“I never put off till tomorrow what I can do – the day after.”
― Oscar Wilde
“Procrastination is the thief of time, collar him.”
― Charles Dickens
Time is an equal opportunity employer. Each human being has the same number of hours and minutes every day. Rich people can’t buy more hours. Scientists can’t invent new minutes. And you can’t save time to spend it on another day. Even so, time is amazingly fair and forgiving. No matter how much time you’ve wasted in the past, you still have an entire tomorrow.”
― Denis Waitley
So it is best to make maximum use of your day productively.
Broadly defined, the term childcare includes all types of education and care provided for young children. The term is used more specifically for the supplemental care of children from birth to age eight years by persons other than parents.
Childcare plays an important role in the lives of the children as well as the parents. It is an important aspect of their nurture, as it helps to transfer the norms and values of the society to them from their parents or other caretakers. It ensures the social conformation of the children and helps to prevent them from being deviant.
In some countries like China, programs are used to instill societal values in young children such as working together in a collective tradition. Childcare is used for a variety of reasons, and programs vary by the number and age of children, the reason care is used, the preparation and status of caregivers, and the location of the care.
The two major purposes of early childhood programs are care and education. High-quality childcare can help children to flourish, whatever their family circumstances. It can help parents to flourish, too, knowing that their children are being well-cared for while they go out to work. But not everyone has access to high-quality childcare, and this has far-reaching consequences for children, parents, and society as a whole.
Unequal access to high quality, affordable childcare triggers and intensifies a range of income, gender, and social inequalities. Over the past half century, the way mothers and fathers spend their time has changed dramatically. A majority of families today use childcare while they are employed or engaged in other activities.
A number of time parents spend with their children continues to go up. Fathers have nearly tripled their time with children since 1965. Mothers’ time with children has also increased, and today’s mothers spend more time with their children than mothers did in the 1960s.
Married parents spend more time at work than unmarried parents, counting housework, childcare and paid work together, and have less leisure time than other parents. Dads are doing more housework and child care; moms more paid work outside the home. Neither has overtaken the other in their “traditional” realms, but their roles are converging, and a modern man is emerging with a more balanced share of roles between both the partners. Still, there are important gender role differences.
While a nearly equal share of mothers and fathers say they wish they could be at home raising their children rather than working, dads are much more likely than moms to say they want to work full time. And when it comes to what they value most in a job, working fathers place more importance on having a high-paying job, while working mothers are more concerned with having a flexible schedule.
With the increasing inflammation in the society, parents are required to work tirelessly to supplement the needs and requirements of their families, during the course of the twentieth and the early twenty-first-century families have become more child-centered with legal rights for children and other factors that make childcare an important matter in many families. However, the busy lives of parents have somewhat altered the gap between childcare and parents role in it.
Today, if we look around, Mothers often tend to hand over their infants to daycare centers without any hesitation. For the moment it does solve the matter of the child’s safety, but there is a negative impact on the relationship and bonding between the mother and her child. Women in today’s society have a triple shift which leads up to a role conflict. They are often expected to do paid work in order to support the family and do the house chores around the house along with the responsibility of childcare.
The role conflict that arises as a result of a hectic routine like this forces the working mothers in the society today to send their children to paid daycare centers for the nurture and care of their children. Because of the busy lives of many parents today and their lacking contribution to the nurture of their children, we see kids being deviant and committing anomie these days. The lack of respect in children for their blood relations and more interest in social friends is quite evident of the fact. It is also very surprising how the busy lives of many have created such a void in the childcare of the children that parents these days have little or no control over their children.
However, it is also true that other agencies of socialization and childcare have made a point to deliver the norms and values of a society onto the child and ensure social conformation to an extent. They help to maintain a balance in the society through the various sanctions. Today, about 70% of parents place their young children in some type of daily care.
Whether you choose in-home or center-based care, a preschool, or someone else’s home for your child’s daily care setting, you should follow some specific guidelines to ensure receiving quality, professional care. On the other hand, some parents prefer the one-on-one contact an in-home care provider can offer, especially for an infant.
Parents or couples with full-time careers may find that their work schedules require them to hire an in-home care provider for their child. Trying to juggle overtime, business trips, and childcare demands can be impossible without live-in help. If you do hire a nanny or au pair, seek the services of licensed agencies with experience, and make sure you understand their policies regarding caregiver vacations and sick time.
You’ll want to know that if the caregiver gets sick or is away, a capable, trustworthy substitute is available. A nanny is someone who works on a live-in or live-out basis performing childcare and perhaps some minimal household duties related to childcare. Usually unsupervised during the day, the nanny has a workweek that is typically 40 to 60 hours. Many nannies hired through agencies have at least a small amount of training in caring for young children, but not all agencies require it.
An Aupair also provides in-home care and lives with the family and cares for the child under the direct supervision of the parents. He or she often seeks work far away from home, as a kind of cultural learning experience. Au pairs often assist with light housework and work about 40 to 60 hours per week. Au pairs, who usually are young, may or may not have any childcare training or experience.
Research on child care is largely conducted and published in sub-specializations, each with its own perspective, as reflected in the reviews. McCartney describes child care research as evolving in stages; from simple comparisons of children in and out of care to analyses of the effects of quality controlling for family characteristics to examinations of the joint influences of child care and family contexts.
Ahnert and Lamb tend to focus on children’s relationships with parents, other caregivers, and other children. The fragmentation of research by specialization limits the clarity of conclusions from their review. Yet, all of the authors recognize the need for research to become more multidisciplinary and to encompass the broader social ecology if it is to increase our understanding of the effects of child care on development.
What contributes to high-quality child care? The NICHD found that high-quality care was related to the amount of “positive caregiving” provided, which means that caregivers or teachers:
Show a positive attitude Have positive physical contact with the children Respond frequently to the children’s vocalizations Ask questions Encourage the children Sing songs and read books Encourage and advance the children’s behavior Discourage negative interactions
The language used by the caregiver was the most important factor that predicted children’s cognitive and language outcomes.
Of all of these factors, the language used by the caregiver (e.g. making interested comments in response to what children say, asking questions, responding to vocalizations) is the most important factor that predicted children’s cognitive and language outcomes .
However while, Parents cannot assume that all child care centers are of high quality, and should look for the “positive caregiving” qualities above when choosing a child care. The NICHD provides a “Positive Caregiving Checklist” to guide parents in selecting high-quality child care. The media on the other hand states, “Women whose mothers worked outside the home are more likely to have jobs themselves, are more likely to hold supervisory responsibility for those jobs, and earn higher wages than women whose mothers stayed home full time, according to research by Kathleen McGinn and colleagues,” writes Carmen Nobel on behalf of HBS. The media gobbled it up, churning out headlines such as, “Working moms have more successful daughters and more caring sons” and “The antidote to mother guilt.” Justifying the working moms and their choice of sending their kids to daycare centers.
The heart is a pump that distributes blood to the organs of the body. It is the main organ that keeps all the others functioning. It pumps blood throughout the body via the circulatory system, supplying oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and removing carbon dioxide and other waste products of the metabolic activities in our body.
In humans, the heart is roughly the size of a large fist and weighs about 10 to 12 ounces (280 to 340 grams) in men and 8 to 10 ounces (230 to 280 grams) in women. The heart is made of 4 chambers. The top 2 collecting chambers are called atria; the bottom 2 ejecting chambers are called ventricles. The right atrium receives blood deficient in oxygen from the body and sends it into the right ventricle. The right ventricle squeezes the blood out to the lungs to pick up fresh oxygen. The oxygenated blood returns from the lungs to the left atrium, which then funnels the blood into the left ventricle. The left ventricle ejects the oxygenated blood into the entire body via the aorta. Blood vessels coming out of the aorta and supplying blood to the heart are called coronary arteries. The aorta supplies blood to the head via the carotid and vertebral arteries. Major branches coming out of the aorta also include the renal arteries (supplying blood to the kidneys), the mesenteric arteries (supplying blood to the gut), the celiac artery (supplying blood to the liver and spleen), and the iliac arteries (supplying blood to the hip and lower legs). An adult heart beats about 60 to 80 times per minute pumping about 6 quarts (5.7 liters) of blood throughout the body. The heart is located in the center of the chest, usually pointing slightly left. Problems with the heart can cause abnormal heart rhythms, called arrhythmias. There are many types of arrhythmia. During an arrhythmia, the heart can beat too fast, too slow, or it can stop beating.
Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) occurs when the heart develops an arrhythmia that causes it to stop beating. This is different than a heart attack, where the heart usually continues to beat but blood flow to the heart is blocked. There are many possible causes of SCA. They include coronary heart disease, physical stress, and some inherited disorders.
Sometimes there is no known cause for the SCA. More than a million Americans have heart attacks each year. A heart attack is a permanent damage to the heart muscle. The heart muscle requires a constant supply of oxygen-rich blood to nourish it.
The coronary arteries provide the heart with this critical blood supply. If you have coronary artery disease, those arteries become narrow and blood cannot flow with ease. Fatty matter, in most of the cases, builds up within the arteries to form plaques of different sizes. The plaque deposits are hard on the outside and soft and mushy on the inside. Stress, lack of movement, and especially unhealthy eating are all major factors that contribute to heightened rates of heart attack.
More than a million Americans have heart attacks each year. A heart attack is a permanent damage to the heart muscle. The heart muscle requires a constant supply of oxygen-rich blood to nourish it. The coronary arteries provide the heart with this critical blood supply. If you have coronary artery disease, those arteries become narrow and blood cannot flow with ease. Fatty matter, in most of the cases, builds up within the arteries to form plaques of different sizes. The plaque deposits are hard on the outside and soft and mushy on the inside. Stress, lack of movement, and especially unhealthy eating are all major factors that contribute to heightened rates of heart attack.
But making a few small changes to your diet can drastically lower your risk. Here are some foods and drinks that are known to help keep your arteries free of blockage:
Green tea: Green Tea is mostly known for its antioxidant qualities that help to lower the cholesterol level; in the blood and supports metabolism.
Sea Weed: The seaweed is rich in numerous minerals, vitamins, proteins, antioxidants, and carotenoids. Regular consumption can help regulate blood pressure and widen vessels, both of which are beneficial to circulation.
Asparagus: The contents of asparagus prevent clogging of veins and inflammation. Asparagus is delicious as a main dish, in soup, or as a side to noodles or potatoes.
Nuts: Nuts are known for their abundance of healthy fats. These include omega-3 fatty acids and unsaturated fats, which are good for your cholesterol levels, but they also benefit your joints and memory. Walnuts and almonds are particularly high in these healthy fats. One handful each day can make all the difference.
Turmeric: Turmeric has a peppery, warm and bitter flavor and a mild fragrance slightly reminiscent of orange and ginger, and while it is best known as one of the ingredients used to make curry, it also gives ballpark mustard its bright yellow color. It contains high levels of curcumin, which has many positive attributes. The spice helps to prevent overactive fat storage and lowers tissue inflammation.
Orange Juice: 100% orange juice is rich in antioxidants and vitamins that support healthy blood vessels. Orange juice is also known to lower blood pressure levels. Two glasses of fresh juice each day are enough to cover your daily recommended value of vitamin C.
Watermelon: The epitome of summer fruit is not only refreshing, it also widens blood vessels by promoting the production of nitric oxide. It is a good source to supplement the requirement of water in your body as it contains 90% water. Melons intake is also extremely important for preserving our health because they are as rich in iron content as spinach is, which means they are the richest fruits in iron. Plenty of iron is found in red meat, too, but watermelons are more appropriate to be eaten because they are not that rich in calories as meat is.
Spinach: Spinach is a good source of potassium and folic acid both of which lower your risk of heart attacks and support muscle tissues. It also helps to clear arteries and lower blood pressure.
Salmon: Salmon is considered one of the heart-healthiest foods out there. The reason for this is the many healthy fatty acids naturally found in the fish. These help to lower and prevent heightened cholesterol, triglyceride levels, and inflammation. Other healthy fish options are tuna, herring, and mackerel. Fishes are also a good source to obtain omega-3.
Persimmon Fruit: Rich in fiber and healthy sterols, persimmons can help lower your cholesterol levels. Persimmon fruits are also rich in iron thereby making them beneficial for your growth as well.
Whole Grain: Whole grain flour is another effective way to prevent high cholesterol. It is high in fiber, which binds with cholesterol, preventing it from collecting in arteries. Foods high in whole grain don’t only prevent cholesterol from building up.
Cheese: Here is another excuse for cheese lovers, cheese doesn’t always have the best reputation when it comes to cholesterol, but if it’snot consumed in excess, it can actually help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
Olive Oil: Italians and Greeks have long known the secret to good health: high-quality olive oil. Cold-pressed olive oil provides your body with healthy fats and lowers cholesterol levels. This can lower the risk of heart attack by up to 41%. It is also rich in omega-9 and omega 3.
Pomegranate: Pomegranates are rich in phytochemicals that naturally promote nitric oxide production, which is, in turn, a good way to help circulation. It can be consumed in salads or its juice can be extracted and consumed.
Broccoli: This green power vegetable, exploding in vitamin K, prevents calcium settling in your arteries. It also is beneficial to blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Whether eating it raw as a snack, or as part of a larger meal, broccoli is a nutrient-rich addition to your day.
Avocados: Avocados are extremely healthy for you. The fats found in avocados promote a healthy balance between good and bad cholesterol, which is vital for healthy arteries. This versatile fruit is delicious in a salad, on bread, or on its own with a dash of salt and pepper.
Cinnamon: Cinnamon is not only delicious in tea or baked goods; it is also an important tool to fight high cholesterol by preventing buildup in arteries. Even 1 teaspoon per day can have a noticeable effect. Several studies also suggest that cinnamon may have a regulatory effect on blood sugar, making it especially beneficial for people with Type 2 diabetes. It has an anti-clotting effect on the blood that helps to prevent the clogging of the arteries. Also, it is a great source of manganese, fiber, iron, and calcium.
Cranberries: Cranberries are very beneficial and also a staple for the holiday season. Cranberries are a great source of potassium. If you regularly drink cranberry juice, you’ll raise levels of healthy cholesterol and lower dangerous ones. Cranberries have vitamin C and fiber and are only 45 calories per cup. In disease-fighting antioxidants, cranberries outrank nearly every fruit and vegetable–including strawberries, spinach, broccoli, red grapes, apples, raspberries, and cherries.
One of the important things is that each of us has significant control over most of these risk factors that are associated with the heart. And therefore, to a large extent, each of us holds our cardiac fate in our own hands. Even people who have strong a genetic predisposition to heart disease can often significantly delay the onset of heart problems by adopting healthy lifestyles.
It’s perfectly normal to feel low when something bad happens or when life is giving you a tough time. If the melancholy, yet, persists over a long period of time and it starts affecting your ability to succeed in your daily life. There can be a lot of confusion when people use the term depression.
Sometimes the word is used to mean almost any type of negative feeling is it loneliness, unhappiness, sadness, despondency or feeling demoralized. Health providers usually use the word depression, to identify a mental disorder rather than a mood, and sometimes refer to it with the phrase “clinical depression”.
Depression by definition is classified as feelings of severe despondency and dejection. It is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, feelings and sense of well-being. With depression, feelings of anxiousness, emptiness, guilt, anger, or restlessness tend to creep into a person’s mind. They may lose interest in activities that were once pleasurable, experience loss of appetite or overeating, have problems concentrating, remembering details or making decisions, experience relationship difficulties and may contemplate, attempt or commit suicide. Insomnia, excessive sleeping, fatigue, aches, pains, digestive problems or reduced energy are all symptoms that a person is depressed.
Depressed mood is a feature of some psychiatric syndromes such as major depressive disorder, but it may also be a normal reaction, as long as it does not persist long term, to life events such as bereavement, a symptom of some bodily ailments or a side effect of some drugs and medical treatments. Depression is a persistent problem, not a passing one – the average length of a depressive episode is 6 to 8 months according to the doctors.
Our society is in the throes of an effective plague of depression, and the rising statistics are quite staggering and alarming. To understand and overcome it, we need to look deeper into this phenomenon. Today, many of us live dulled lives, that are somewhat robotic in nature and are void of deeper meaning and purpose.
Our lives often become visionless and passionless as we fail to spend our time with our loved ones and stay consumed with the hustle of work. We live in an intensely competitive culture that rewards achievement and success. Which leads our identity and esteem becoming reflections of these external markers of achievement. Our pursuit of happiness and well-being become terribly misdirected.
The demands of our intensely and neurotically driven culture strain our emotional and psychological balance and all this pressure of keeping up with the norms of the society leaves a person and his life disturbed well beyond its comfortable balance. The cultural paradigm in which we live leaves us disconnected, disenchanted and isolated.
The following are a few things we all need to educate ourselves about, on depression before we plan to help someone else.
It is more than just “feeling blue”:
A depressed person is constantly feeling worthless, hopeless, anxious, angry, and sad- even to the level of being suicidal. It’s a lot deeper than feeling blue. And it affects more than 100 million people worldwide.
It is not just a state of mind, it can even show physically:
Among other things, a depressed person can have body aches, headaches, high blood pressure, fatigue, and feeling of constant tiredness.
Watch out for simple symptoms:
Depression is a big deal, but the symptoms can be seen in the simplest of things- lack of concentration, being extremely forgetful about things, irritability, wanting to eat either all the time or never, being overly negative all the time, and general loss of enthusiasm in activities.
People of any age can have it:
A common misconception people have is that depression can hit someone at a later age in life. Yet, 1 out of 10 adolescents is likely to have a depressive disorder by the time they’re 18 years of age. Yes, depression among young adults is prevalent.
Levels of depression can range from mild to severe, to clinical:
There are different kinds of depression that hit people differently. Some people may have mild depression that normally would hit them after a sudden big change in their lives, like post-partum depression prevalent in new mothers, or for some, it could turn into a major depression over a period of time.
It is incredibly hard to live with depression
Something as simple as waking up every morning becomes difficult for a person suffering from depression. While some feel extremely vulnerable most of the time, some depressed souls feel numb-devoid of any emotion. And they can’t control it.
It should not be considered a taboo
Because depression isn’t talked about in a nation like ours, it becomes really difficult for people to even consider that they might have a problem, let alone get help in order to get better. It’s about time we start changing our mindset and prejudices about mental health and take action.
Even the happiest of people can have depression:
People may not seem depressed on the outside, but it’s the small things that stand out as a difference between healthy people, and depressed people.
Major depression can actually change the functioning of your brain:
Yes, depression can have staggering effects on the brain, and make people function differently overall
There are ways to fix depression, and to come out of it healthy:
Depressed people need to be assured that their way of thinking is just because of the sickness. If they’ve already accepted the fact that they’re depressed, their family and friends need to show support and let them know that you’ve got their back. It’s dicey if you know that the person is depressed and the patient doesn’t, they need to be handled with utmost care.
It can make one feel isolated and lonely:
A depressed person may feel like they’re all alone in this world with no one who cares. But, it’s only the matter of a little external help till they realize that this is not true. There are millions of people out there who feel the same way, and all they need to know is that this will pass. It might be difficult in the beginning, but then, the path to recovery is never easy.
Depressed mood may not always need a professional treatment, and may be a normal reaction to life events, a symptom of some medical condition, or a side effect of some drugs or medical treatments. A prolonged depressed mood, especially in combination with other symptoms, may lead to a diagnosis of a psychiatric or medical condition which may be treated with medication and proper treatment.
Different subdivisions of depression have different treatment approaches. It is not usually advisable to use the antidepressants on a routine basis especially for the initial treatment of mild depression because the risk-benefit ratio is poor. The treatment of depression is best managed by lifestyle choices, which includes, diet, sleep, and exercise. A recent meta-analysis also indicated that most antidepressants, do not seem to offer a clear advantage for children and adolescents in the acute treatment of the major depressive disorder.
If someone you care about has depression, the best and most important thing you can do is support them. To support someone else, you also need to look after yourself. Here are a few pointers:
Educate yourself– Understanding what depression is and how it affects the person you care about will help you be less frustrated and more supportive.
Encourage your friend to seek help – Having someone he/she can trust, like you is so important. But someone trying to cope with a mental disorder also needs treatment. Encourage them to see a doctor or psychologist to get the help he/she needs. Even if the problems don’t seem that bad yet, seeking help early can prevent problems from getting worse.
Listen – When you listen to and acknowledge their feelings, it sends the message that you care. Knowing that you have people who care about you is an important part of recovering from a mental disorder.
Be positive – Positive moods can be contagious! It’s really easy for someone with a mental disorder to focus only on the negative aspects of his/her life. Sharing your positive mood may help them see things from a different perspective.
Be patient – Sometimes it can be frustrating when they start acting differently and may not want to do anything they used to like. Take a deep breath and remember that depression is making them feel this way. He/she can’t just “snap out of it”. Getting impatient will only make the situation worse. Stay positive and be patient. Encourage them to take part in social events. He/she may feel like it’s too much work or effort, but will probably feel better afterward.
Don’t blame yourself – It is not your fault that they have depression. Many different factors, including his/her genetic background, environment, and life experiences are involved. No one can “make” another person have depression.
Put yourself first – On an airplane, they tell you to always put your oxygen mask on first in an emergency before you assist someone else. You’ll be no help to anyone if you’re passed out. With someone with a mental illness, if you burn yourself out by always putting him or her first, you won’t be able to help anyone. It’s absolutely okay (and important) to take time away to take care of yourself.
Don’t try to change your friend – You don’t have to solve all their problems or turn him/ her into a different kind of person. Just be present and supportive.
Have fun together – They need someone who can have fun, relax, and laugh with him/ her. These are all important parts of their mental health (and yours!).
Be aware of suicide risk – If they talk about death or suicide, don’t ignore it or keep it a secret. Talk to a responsible adult who they also trust (e.g., house, assistant, counselor, coach, professor etc). Let them know that you care about him/her and his/her life. If they are talking about suicide, it may be his or her way of indirectly asking for help.